T 25-Oct Read/Discuss:
- — in addition to Norton editors’ introductions
- Hart Crane: 6 poems; plus “To Brooklyn Bridge” (online)
& Amy Lowell, 6 poems; Marianne Moore, 5 poems
- Discuss: Modernist poets, “Imagism“
» Discussion leader: Diego
» Key resources (for discussion leaders and blog entries):
Blog Entry due Thursday (updated); see tips below.
- Discuss: “The New York School”
S 29-Oct Due: Response 3 — Prompt
F 28-Oct & S 29-Oct extra credit opportunity:
- Attend panel and write blog entry (about topic of panel or one speaker).
- English Graduate Organization Conference
Response 3: “Make it new!” — Creative Writing exercise (read closely)
- 500 words; due S 29-Oct
Post to blog; respond to classmate’s by M 30-Oct (optional / extra credit)
» Extra Credit — Critical Response (optional) due M 30-Oct
Pound; “Make it new” // Tolstoy: “Make it strange” (de-familiarize the ordinary)
Hirshfield: “mind of originality”
» Prompt: Refashion a text/story familiar to you in a new way: rewrite in a brief fragment using another mode and/or form than the original; model a technique/approach of one recent poet, even though writing in prose.
— In order to signal your poet modeled, include at least one reference from their work, even if subtle (e.g. one of their specific words, images, references)
- Modes: Narrative, Reference, Lyric / Expression
“Frequencies” (Hirschfield): Music, Rhetoric, Image, Emotion, Story, Voice
Logic: indirection / direct expression; figure (metaphor, metonymy)
Poets: T.S. Eliot, H.D. Elizabeth Bishop, Robert Lowell, Sylvia Plath, Anne Sexton,
Hart Crane, Amy Lowell, Marianne Moore, John Ashberry, Frank O’Hara
— Key context: Modernism
— Aesthetic approach: Figure, Image, Metaphor + Metonymy, Indirection, “objective correlative” (Eliot).
» Example idea: change presentation from indirect to direct, or vice versa.
— This can be any story familiar to you, including one we’ve read this term.
Key strategy: consider form of the original and its primary mode; refashion into another mode (not necessarily “opposite”), using the logic of poetry.
Alternative strategy: choose one poem we’ve read and reformulate in this way.
— Example approach: change from primarily image/sensory to narrative; or select one of the key images (in poem) and expand with new/additional description (excluding story and reference). The same could be attempted using a key reference or a story element, imagining and presenting an expanded narrative.
» Composition tip: The content is essentially “Readymade” for you, in the original; the main goal is to innovate the re-presentation, in creative fashion.
The text should be composed as one or two fragments, using all words purposefully (economy of poetry) and deliberately considering mode.
- Might find it helpful to search and follow guide to “craft” of creative prose writing, for example:
- How to Write Flash Fiction
Extra Credit (short; ~250 words?):
» Read and respond to a classmate’s entry,
discussing the main strategy you notice—the switch in mode and/or form—and the effects.
— While this is an implicit comparison, avoid summarizing the original or your interpretation too much;
likewise, avoid statements of evaluation or opinion.
Extra Credit (additional response, 400-500 words):
Compose a critical response about one poet (or two): make a case for a “movement” (aesthetic literary label), given the key characteristics we’ve studied regarding techniques, forms, and modes.
While not required, might respond to the views in literary criticism articulated by Norton editors or contributors to Modern American Poetry pages on your author(s).
In either case, crucial to consult for context (and to cite whenever discussing). So, you are not constrained to arguing against established labels, for example — “Imagist,” “Confessional,” “New York School” — but rather can propose a label with example evidence, using your author as a representative case.
Alternatively, you could work toward this idea as a brief conclusion by describing in detail how this poet composes (main techniques, prevalence of modes, effects), citing one particular poem.
In either case, be sure to conclude with brief discussion about your new understanding of traditions and movements in American poetry at this beginning stage of our study
(perhaps in relation to prior ideas and experience with authors or poetic language).